Ferrous Alloys

Type 316 Austenitic Stainless Steel

Application & Characteristics 
Has highest creep strength of stainless steels and resists acid corrosion best. Used in pressure gauges and other instruments exposed to chemicals, foods and pharmaceuticals.
Chemical Composition (%)
Cr 17.0; Ni 13.0; Balance Fe. Allowable maximums: C 0.18; Mn 2.0; Si 1.0; P   0.045; S 0.030
Physical Properties
Melting Range (°F)2500 – 2550
Density (lbs/in³) 68F0.284
Thermal Expansion (in/in °Fx10 to the power of -6)9.0 (0 – 600F)
Electrical Resistivity (ohms/cir mil/ft.) 68F445
Mechanical Properties – Temper = A
Tensile Strength (psi x 10³)85
Yield Strength (psi x 10³)40
Elongation ( % )50
Mechanical Properties – Temper = H/2
Tensile Strength (psi x 10³)125
Yield Strength (psi x 10³)95
Elongation ( % )25
Mechanical Properties – Temper = H
Tensile Strength (psi x 10³)165
Yield Strength (psi x 10³)135
Elongation ( % )8

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